The Fight Against Artisanal Gold Smuggling in Eastern DR Congo
Victor Kangela, PAC Project Coordinator, Kisangani, DRC
For many years, high value minerals have been used by armed groups in the DRC and neighboring countries as sources of funding. Gold is one of the four most sought-after minerals in the DRC and attracts greed and conflict. The lack of a monitoring system for the production and trade of the minerals in eastern DRCongo, leads to transactions via illegal comptoirs and clandestine export to neighboring countries.
To enable the DRC to establish a transparent chain of custody of artisanal gold and facilitate increased government revenues through taxes and royalties, Partnership Africa Canada (PAC) has developed a project: "monitoring, certification and artisanal gold mining in eastern DR Congo . " In part supported by the Public Private Alliance for Responsible Minerals
Trade, this project will enable artisanal gold miners to increase their productivity and encourage them to have their minerals tracked and sold via legal and transparent supply chains.
PAC is working in partnership with the International Conference on the Great Lakes Region (ICGLR) and will carry out this project in collaboration with the government of the DR Congo, Diamond Development Initiative (DDI) and Congolese Civil Society. Its implementation will occur in three phases: (1) Registration of artisanal gold miners; (2) Formalization of artisanal gold miners via the provision of basic technical assistance, (3) Traceability of gold production from sites of production to the point of export.
During a series of consulltations organized by partner NGOs CENADEP and OCEAN , in December 2012 in Kisangani, two sites were chosen by the participants, based primarily on criterias of accessibility and productivity (more or less 2 kilos of gold per month.. These sites are Nia-Nia in the Mambasa territory (Ituri) and Bondo in the territory of the same name (Bas-Uele District).