Lightweight, valuable, easy to mine and smuggle, rough diamonds have been responsible for fuelling some of the worst armed conflict in Africa—from Sierra Leone and Liberia, to Angola and the Democratic Republic of Congo.
More recently countries like Zimbabwe and Angola have emerged as the main perpetrators of diamonds-related human rights abuses, as their governments have waged violent campaigns to control lucrative diamond fields. Diamonds are often used to perpetuate corruption and deprive states of much needed revenues.
For over a decade we've been at the forefront of a global campaign to stop violence in diamond producing areas and create a responsibly managed diamond supply chain.
Our investigation and reporting on conflict financing and diamonds in the Sierra Leone war, led to PAC's publication of "The Heart of the Matter: Sierra Leone, Diamonds and Human Security," which drew international attention to the issue of conflict diamonds.
PAC has played an integral leadership role in the creation of the Kimberley Process (KP), a UN mandated system initiated in 2000 to break the link between rough diamonds and armed conflict. We helped negotiate the Kimberley Process Certification Scheme, the regulatory mechanism used by the Kimberley Process which came into effect in 2003, and we continue to be an active member in the process.
For our work to end the trade of conflict diamonds, PAC was nominated for a Nobel Peace Prize in 2003.
We continue to carry out extensive investigative and policy research, public education and advocacy on conflict diamonds, and the developmental potential of diamonds. We collaborte with civil soceity, governments, and the diamond industry across Africa and globally to ensure greater development impact from diamonds, especially in countries emerging from conflict, so that diamonds become an asset for, rather than a detriment to peaceful and long-term development.